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A White Paper: Stopping the Killing of Black Men by Police, a Historic Agreement (144 hits)

Robert Moore & Associates Police Consultants and Author

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Illinois Association of Chief of Police (IACP) Signs Historic Shared Principles Agreement with the Illinois Branches of the NAACP Designed to Build Sustainable Trust in Communities they Serve

Historic Signing at the Ole State Capitol
On March 22, 2018 a historic document co-authored by the Illinois Association of chiefs Police and the Illinois NAACP Branches leadership titled , “ Ten Shared Principles” designed to bridge the gap of mistrust between police and communities of color was signed by the Presidents of the Chief Association, Chief James Kruger and the Illinois NAACP President Teresa Haley .
After three years of conversations with hundreds of people throughout Illinois, the announcement of the Shared Principles Agreement took place in Springfield at the Old State Capitol, the site of Abraham Lincoln’s historic “House Divided” speech in 1858 during his candidacy for U.S. senator. The signing was attended by numerous Chiefs and NAACP Presidents from throughout the state.
The first of its kind in our nation’s history, the agreement between a NAACP state conference and a statewide law enforcement agency identifies the common ground between local law enforcement and communities of color in their commitment to and passion for defending civil rights and keeping communities safe.”


“I wish I had been in the Old State Capitol for the signing, where Abraham Lincoln did his ‘House Divided’ speech,” Steven Jogman Police Chief from Highland Park said. “No other state can lay claim to that. That’s what we’re working on avoiding, because we don’t want to be a house divided. We want to work together. The police needs the community and the community needs the police.”
The Historic Initiative
The initiative began months after Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, was shot and killed on August 9, 2014 by a white police officer, in Ferguson, Missouri. That shooting caused anger to bubbled to the surface about how much more likely it is for black men and black youth to die at the hands of law enforcement, or to be profiled while driving, shopping or going to school. These incidents have caused a nationwide crisis that being debated and in some states, legislation is being passed to address the crises.
The ILACP responded to the protests and violence by contacting the NAACP State Conference president, and as protests escalated throughout the country, both groups aligned a partnership “ensuring safety, dignity and justice for all citizens and police officers alike.”
The World Café and Let Talk
A” World Café” model and a video titled 10 Rules of dealing with the police was used to facilitate conversations at state conferences and four statewide private meeting held between the chief and the NA ACP presidents in 2016 and 2017. As a result of these meeting the NAACP and the Illinois Chiefs have met their first goal of developing a set of ten principles designed to build trust and improve police community relations.
Meeting between the Chiefs and NAACP Criminal Justice planning committee and Presidents took place in the following location
Bloomington
Lake County
Rock Island County
Champaign
Meeting took Place at the following State Conference
IACP Schaumburg
NAACP Bloomingdale
Mt Vernon NAACP
Midwest Security and Chief Conference
IACP Peoria State Conference
NAACP Quarterly Meeting

The Resolution March 22, 2018

WHEREAS, the Illinois NAACP State Conference is part of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, established in 1909 following race riots in Springfield, Illinois; and the Illinois Association of Chiefs of Police was established in 1941, and
WHEREAS, the NAACP “advocates for smarter, results-based criminal justice policies to keep our communities safe, including … an end to racial disparities at all levels of the system,” and
WHEREAS, the NAACP’s principal objective “is to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination,” and
WHEREAS, the Illinois Chiefs declare in their Vision Statement that the association values “Compassion, Integrity, Accountability, Fairness, Professionalism, Innovation, Continuous Improvement, Diversity, [and] Inclusion,” and
WHEREAS, both organizations acknowledge that there are historical reasons for some mistrust between police and communities of color, and
WHEREAS, both organizations have a mutual passion for defending and protecting the civil rights of all citizens and in keeping our communities and citizens safe, and
WHEREAS, the associations conducted four joint leadership-level gatherings called “World Cafes” in 2016 and 2017 in Bloomington, Lake County, the Quad-Cities, and Champaign, where a total of ninety-seven leaders from law enforcement and communities of color discussed common concerns and “what most needs our attention going forward,” and
WHEREAS, the associations conducted four joint leadership-level gatherings called “Let’s Talk” -- in 2016 in Tinley Park and Bloomingdale, and 2017 in Tinley Park and Mt. Vernon, where a total of one hundred and seventy-seven leaders from law enforcement and communities of color discussed common concerns and “where do we go from here,”
NOW BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that we affirm the following principles regarding the relationship between law enforcement and the communities and people they serve in Illinois:

Below are the 10 concepts in the Shared Principles Agreement
• Value the life of every person, the preservation of life being the highest value
• Recognize that all persons should be treated with dignity and respect
• Reject discrimination based on race, ethnicity, religion, color, nationality, immigrant status, s*xual orientation, gender, disability, or familial status
• Endorse the six pillars of the President’s Task Force on 21stCentury Policing including the first pillar of building trust and legitimacy
• Endorse the four pillars of procedural justice, which are fairness, voice, transparency and impartiality
• Endorse the values inherent in community policing, which includes positive engagement between community and police
• Develop relationships at the leadership and street levels to eliminate racial tension
• Accept mutual responsibility to encourage all citizens to gain a better understanding of the law to assist in interactions with police
• Increase diversity in police departments and in the law enforcement profession
• Commit to de-escalation training to ensure the safety of community members and police officers, and commit to replacing mistrust with mutual trust wherever, whenever and however possible

Illinois Chiefs Response to the guidelines
The Illinois Chief website list ninety six Illinois Police agencies and a national black police association that have individually joined in support of the agreement. According to an article in the Highland Park News Police Chief, Louis E. Jogmen is already making history for Highland Park by having the Highland Park Police Department joined forces with the Illinois Association of Chiefs of Police (ILACP) and the Illinois NAACP in the Shared Principles Agreement. Jogmen presented the Shared Principles Agreement, which entails the 10 concepts of good policing, at the Highland Park City Council meeting on Monday, April 9 2018 Jorgmen who often works with the ILACP , said he was touched when he read about the two groups coming together. “It’s wonderful to see some positive movement in an otherwise unhappy discussion,” he said. This prompted Jogmen to reach out to Ed Wojcicki, executive director of the ILACP, as well as, IL NAACP President Teresa Haley. “I know Teresa from way back and she’s a wonderful person who’s committed to making a difference,” he said...
Chief Jogmen described some of the principles on the list, which include use of force is only a last resort and treats everyone equally with dignity and respect. “These are things that we should be doing anyway, but what’s more important is my staff decided to endorse the list in a way to show our support to our community by printing the 10 Shared Principles of Policing on a large poster and having everyone in our police department sign it,” he said. “It’s wonderful for our community to know that everybody from our records clerks to our officers to our community service officers believe in this and support it, because this is how we police and this is what we want to be.” Jogmen added that one of the first tasks for new HPPD hires will be to sign the document to show their belief in these principles.
National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives Joins the Illinois Chief and NAACP in Supporting Principles
In another historic meeting the President of NOBL E requested the Illinois Chiefs and the NAACP leadership teams join him at the Chicago Police Headquarters for an announcement of support for the Principles Agreement. The mission of NOBLE is to promote and advocate equity in the administration of justice in the provisions of public service, to our community and to serve as the conscience of law-enforcement. The goal of Noble is to be recognized as a highly competent public service organization that is at the forefront of providing solution to law enforcement. NOBLE fully embraced the Principle at their annual conference in Hollywood, Florida in August of 2018
How do police build Sustainable trust and community relations with minority communities?
Being led by progressive managers at the Illinois Association of Police Chief’s, Police Departments in Illinois are taking a second look at their relationships with minority communities after the deaths of these black Americans following confrontations with white police officers that have sparked protests across the nation
Bob Schrieffer host of Face the Nation program said, “We must fix this disconnect between police, and the black communities” he further says the protests against police killings of unarmed black men shows the persistence of racial tension in America.
One of Mr. Schaeffer’s guests on November 16, 2016, was New York City Police Department Commissioner William Bratton, who discussed the department's response to the death of Staten Island man Eric Garner after a police officer used a chokehold that resulted in his death. Commissioner William Bratton outlined the steps his department is taking in the wake of Eric Garner's death following an apparent chokehold by an NYPD officer, including full retraining of 22,000 officers who work in the field and implementing new Smartphone technology for all officers. "There's probably no department in America right now that's doing more on these issues," Bratton said.
In a separate interview on Face the “Nation” NAACP Cornell William Brooks, said the department is not doing enough. "If we're looking at the tragedy of Eric Garner as a single incident it's not enough. To talk about training retrospectively, training prospectively as opposed to holding people accountable retrospectively, that's where we have to go. We have to look at yes, body cameras. We have to look at training, we have to look at fundamentally changing the culture of policing in New York City and across the country," Brooks said. As a major component of the Community Policing model is citizens input. Mr. Brooks is providing some essential information for consideration for a community policing plan.

Brooks further emphasized to the host that, "We have a model of policing that is predicated on essentially operating in the community and not being of the community and that is fundamentally a problem. And so this is part of a longer narrative. We simply can't treat these as individual incidents to be assessed in that way without larger reform," Brooks said. The larger reforms he proposed include federal legislation to ban racial profiling, a national standard for use of force, and more examination and implementation of a body camera policy.
Schrieffer also interviewed J. Scott Thomson, the Camden County Police Chief in New Jersey. Once ranked the most dangerous city of its size in the country, Camden has begun to see improvements in its crime rates after it established a new police department in May 2013. The Chief discussed how his department is working with the community to turn around one of America's most troubled cities... "Nothing builds trust like human contact," he said. "The transformation we were able to do enabled us to connect with our people and to establish the fact that cops are going to perform as guardians and not as warriors. The result that we have seen is that we've cut shootings and murders in half in less than 24 months."
Chief Thomson is proud of the progress his department has made in building trust in his community and changing the culture of his department. During the interview he stressed that "We established a culture from very early on that the relationship that would bind us with our people was one based on building the community first and enforcing the law second," Thomson said.
When the host asked the chief to describe the single thing that has been most successful for the department, Thomson cited” human contact”, including having officers walking the beat, spending more time outside of their squad cars and talking to residents about what matters most to them and what has most negatively defined their lives.
Why African Americans feel targeted by police
Responding the interviews by Commissioner Bratton and Chief Thomson, Soledad O'Brien, the executive producer, and director of the "Black in America" documentary series said she saw a contrast between the reforms Bratton described and those championed by Chief Thomson. "Thomson used the word community, he talked about culture, about transforming, and how you interact with people. What you're actually realizing is that those aren't the words that Commissioner Bratton used. He talked about retraining, he talked about cameras; it's a different philosophy," O'Brien said.

Obrien further stated that "African Americans feel they are treated differently in the criminal justice system, they are treated differently under the law. There is this aggressive targeting of black people that doesn't happen in white communities and it's that anger over so many years that are really percolating up now,"

Both Obrien and Brooks talked about the widespread racial disparities in policing. Something O'Brien said "becomes very damaging" to both the individuals who are frequently stopped by police as well as the communities. Brooks said an entire generation of young people says they live in the middle of "a pandemic of police misconduct."
The need to develop solutions to the crises is summed up, later in this paper, by Bob Schrieffer host of Face the Nation program. The Crisis in Springfield is further articulated by the Illinois Times writer and a school official in Springfield, Illinois in the following article. Maureen McKinney writing in the November 10, 2016, issue of the Illinois Times states “what may be overlooked is how the perhaps, already bruised psyches of black boys are affected by a staccato series of killings of young black men such as Oscar Grant, Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown and countless others”.
McKinney shares a troubling and informative interview with a guidance counselor in one of our Springfield Illinois Schools that suggest a long-term problem for our nation if not corrected. “I know my 6th, 7th, and 8th-grade black youth … they're terrified. We have kids in crisis,'' says Kelly Wickham, guidance dean at Lincoln Magnet, a middle school in Springfield. Since Ferguson, she has made it a point of trying to talk to each of the African American and multiracial students at her school — 137 children of the 315 at Lincoln. She says they look at Brown's death and fear it could happen to them. This is certainly a tragic result of the violent street confrontations between police and black citizens
Going forward, the question will be, what changes?
The major question facing America and our criminal justice system is how we move forward to address the grievances African American have with the Criminal Justice system and society as a whole. Chief Thomson believes it’s not a time for law enforcement to circle the wagons and take a defensive position, but to keep our ears and our minds open and move forward in a way that has a collective universal agreement of how the justice system should operate. However, until the criminal Justice system can reform itself, change its culture, and enforce laws in a fair and equitable manner this police writer/Author and former Chief of Police of Jackson Mississippi believed that Flex Your Rights Org. approach to teaching citizen their right under the 4th 5th, and 6th amendments to the constitution through a program called “ten Rules for dealing with the police is one of the most effective training program and guidelines for African American and other to follow to eliminate deadly street confrontation at this time
Flex Your Rights Organization, is a not-for- profit organization based in Silver Spring Md. They produced a dynamic 40 minute video entitled "The Ten Rules for Dealing with the Police". The purpose of the video is to train citizens of color, especially African Americans how to best manage their own attitude and behaviors, and what action to take if they feel their rights was violated when stopped by police. In an article “A cop advice for dealing with police”, Major Neill Franklin (ret) a 33 year law enforcement veteran and former training commander for the Maryland State Police and Baltimore Police Department and who served as a technical consultant to Flex You’re your Rights organizations, said, “It’s unfortunate that this important information has remained largely unavailable to the public, despite the growing concerns about police misconduct”
The Illinois Association of Chief of Police and the State of Illinois Conference of the NAACP have been meeting for the last two year developing relationships and developing a set of principles that will help guide future responses to issues.
Illinois Legislation Mandates Student training

In Illinois, legislation has been passed that requires driver’s education students to be taught how to act when pulled over by the police. On September 1, 2016, with a little flourish, Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner signed HB6131, a bill requiring driving schools and schools districts in Illinois to teach students how to act when stopped by police. Though sponsors of the bill said it had nothing to do with the shooting death of Lacuna McDonald of Chicago or other black youth deaths across the country, the bill sponsored by a Chicago based legislator offers possible solution to this thorny problem. In response to the new state law requirement, in school district 186, the administration requested a police community relation consultant provided instructions to their driver’s education students on how to act when pulled over by police.
On February 12, 2018, the consultant was the guest instructor at Springfield High School where he spent three 50 minute sessions reaching over 90 students the first day. On February 16, 2018, he spent four 50 minute session at Lumpier High School, reaching about a hundred students and on Tuesday, February 20, 2018, at Southeast High School where he taught another 100 students.
Police Reforms in Chicago
Although Illinois Chiefs and the Illinois NAACP has not had formal discussions with the Chicago Police about adopting the principles, protests following the shooting of McDonald demanded changes in police and judicial procedure, and for the dismissal or resignation of city and county officials.
At the request of Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan, the United States Department of Justice initiated a civil rights investigation into McDonald's death and the activities of the Chicago Police Department. It released its report in January 2017, describing the police as having a culture of "excessive violence," especially against minority suspects, and of having poor training and supervision. DOJ and city officials signed a consent decree for a plan for improvement to be overseen by the courts.

Notes
Chicago Tribune, Oct 19, 2018; The relationships between Chicago's police and community
Gruebel, Jerry PBS WSEC Television October 5th production
Highland Park News: Highland Park Police Department becomes first in state to embrace principles aimed at building mutual trust.

Huff Post “A Cops advice on dealing with police “November 15th, 2010

House Bill. On September 1, 2016, with a little flourish, Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner signed HB6131, a bill requiring driving schools and schools districts in Illinois to teach students how to act when stopped by police.
Illinois Chief Website—“Resolution and 10 Shared Principles na agency support
Obrien, Soledad comments about Bratton's and Thomson’s interview on face the nation
McKinney Maureen F. NPR Illinois “Writer tells how she broke the Laquan McDonald Story November 25, 2015
McKinney Maureen F and Rachel Orwell “After Ferguson—a look at Obstacles facing young Black Males—Illinois Issues November 10, 2015
Moore, Robert --Author personal Experience
Schaeffer, Bob, Face the Nation interviews with Chief Bratton and Chief Thomson
Silverman, Steve, Flex your Rights Org –10 Rules of dealing with police’ July 2010

The Author of the Article
- Robert Moore Police Community Relation Consultant, is a retired United States Marshal, Illinois State Trooper and a lifetime NAACP member. He is an Author/Police Writer who serves of the Chairman of the Illinois NAACP Criminal Justice Committees. He served as Deputy Chief of Police in Savannah Georgia and Chief of Police in Jackson, MS. His success in providing leadership to teams, committees, and organizations, cities and the nation is well documented. Moore has a bachelor degree and master degree from the University of Illinois at Springfield. Moore has written articles for numerous police magazines, including his nationwide manuscript “Strategies for Increasing Black Police Executives,” published by the U.S. Justice Department in the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin May-June 1983 issue. Moore is also the author of the historic book “The Presidents Men: Black Marshals in America”. Moore served as the EEO Director for the Illinois State Police for eight years—he was instrumental in changing the state police workforce from 1.9% black state troopers to 27.5% minorities and female. While serving as the United States Marshal for the Central District of Illinois, Moore was selected to serve as Chairman of a 13 person EEO Advisory Committee to the Director. Moore conducted nationwide hearings on minority recruitment and discrimination in the Marshal’s Service. While serving as the Chief of Police for Jackson, Mississippi, Moore was appointed by the Mississippi Governor to the Commission on Pursuit Driving; was also selected chairman of the 15 member commission and conducted state wide hearings on the issue of pursuit driving. He was lead consultant who conducted a police study for the City of Springfield on improving Minority recruitment and retention. He moderated a town hall meeting for the City of Decatur, Illinois following a police shooting of a black citizen.
Posted By: Robert Moore
Wednesday, November 7th 2018 at 10:12PM
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Tuesday, November 13th 2018 at 9:11PM
Min Sammy Jackson
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